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      2014年杭州市招聘教職工專業知識測試(小學英語)

                       杭州市教育系統公開招聘教職工專業知識測試(2014年五月)

      小學英語學科試卷

       

            考生需知:

                1. 本試卷分試卷和答卷,滿分100分,考試時間120分鐘。

                2.答題前,請在密封區內填寫姓名、身份證號、報考單位、報考崗位和座位號。            

                3.所有答案必須寫在答卷上,寫在試卷上無效。

                4.考試結束,上交所有試卷和答卷。

       

      第一部分:單項填空(共15題,每小題一份,滿分15分)

      從A、B、C、D四個選項中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項,并在答題紙上將該項標號涂黑。

      1.---Wow,isn’t this handsome device the most popular iPad 2?Can I have a look at it?

         -----_____________________________________.

      A.No.you can’t                           B.  Yes,go ahead. 

      C.  Sorry,it is expensive.                  D.  Of course,it looks good

      2.---My friend Eric has successfully swum across the English Channel!

         -----Unbelievable!Can you tell me when he______________________it?

      A.made           B.  has made       C.  had made      D.  is making

      3.After the biggest earthquake took place in Japan,the international rescuers devoted all their energies to searching for survivors but  ___________________________they found only several bodies.

      A. Immediately   B.  especially     C.  curiously     D.  unfortunately

      4.It is always __________________________ when you misunderstand the customs of other countries.

      A.embarrassing   B.  specific       C.  typical       D.  unique

      5.What the little boy got from his father was _________________________magazine.

      A.a large interesting French       B.  an interesting French large

      C.  a French large interesting       D.  an interesting large French

      6._____________________about his financial situation, I would have helped him out.

      A.Did I know     B.  Had i been knowing      C.  Had I known      D.   Have I known

      7._____________________personal experience,you may have to put in extra hours if you want to do well in the coming test.

      A.Of                    B.  At              C.  From                    D.  In

      8.Celia,who is on_____________________holiday with her husband, wants to stay in a quiet place, taste delicious food and play_____________________tennis.

      A.a,a                   B.  /,/             C.  the,the             D.  /,the

      9.Mary_____________________gardening as a regular form of relaxation after she got married. 

      A.took up           B.  caught on   C.  brought about       D.  made for

      10.The professor recommended the young couple_____________________their emotions.

      A.do not hide       B.  note hide   C.  mustn’hide         D.  couldn’t hide

      11._____________________program has been developed up to this date, but none of them are economical enough to be carried out now.

      A.All                   B,Several       C.  Either                  D.  Many a

      12._____________________the fact that the old cars could not go as fast as modern ones, people still watched the race with a great deal of pleasure and excitement.

      A.Thanks to         B.  Despite     C.  As far as           D.  Although

      13.The engineer has spent one year working in the United States and discovered how things_____________________overseas.

      A.manage                B.  promote     C.  operate             D.  transform

      14.This old dictionary has been of great _____________________in helping me to learn the English language.

      A.usefulness        B.  value           C.  price                   D.  cost

      15.Much to her delight, three_____________________neighbors showed up and several of them even brought with them some candies and cookies.

      A.dozen             B.  dozen of        C.  dozens                  D.  dozens of

       

      第二部分:完形填空 (共15題,每小題1分,滿分15分)

      閱讀下面短文,從每題所給的A、B、C、D四個選項中選擇最佳選項,并在答題紙上將該選項標號涂黑。

       

      For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,Cand D.   Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

       

      Due to rising pollution and a strengthening yuan,Beijing saw its tourist numbers drop to 4.20 million visits from January to November in 2013 from 5.01 million visits in 2012.

      The number of overseas travelers to Beijing grew after the city hosted the 2008 Olympics until 2012, when it saw a 3.8% 16 ,followed by the further drop last year.The unexpected drop in 2013 came 17  new policies introduced in a (n) 18 to support China’s tourism industry. But only  14,000 tourists 19  the visa-free stopover, according to the Beijing General Station of Exit and Entry Frontier Inspection,well short of the 20,000 target officials had 20 predicteD. 

      Jiang Yiyi,deputy director of the Institute of International Tourism at the China Tourism Academy, 21 part of the drop-off in foreign tourists to the strengthening yuan.

      In 2013, the yuan increased almost 3% against the U,S, dollar, Making “Beijing a more expensive 22 than in the past”,Jiang Yiyi noteD.  “Jiang Yiyi noteD.  “At the same time,” she said, “other countries have seen their tourist numbers grow as the currencies 23 .While RMB is on the rise, currencies from some of China’s 24 for tourism, such as Japan, are depreciating, meaning travel to some other Asian countries has been getting cheaper while travel to China is becoming more expensive,”Jiang Yiyi saiD. 

      In 2013, the Japanese yen fell 21% against the U.S dollar, 25 10 million overseas tourists.

      The Beijing Tourism Development Commission noted that the country’s battle with pollution is another 26 cities face in attracting overseas tourists.

      Heavy air pollution from Beijing to Shanghai,where pollution levels went off the chars in December, 27 don’t do much to help attract tourists. China’s tourism officials are expetiong to 28 the trend of declining overseas visitors in 2014--possible,experts say, if it 29 its outdated tour packages and lowets ticket prices.

      Jiang Yiyi at the China Tourism Academy suggests China adopt a long-term national plan to 30 the country’s image and investment in overseas tourism to attract more visitors.

       

      16.  A.  growth             B.  decline             C.  change              D.  influence

      17.  A.  in addition to B.  by means of             C.  as a result of D.  in spite of

      18.  A.   Attempt           B.  agreement               C.  hurry               D.  mood       

      19.  A.  got familiar with B.  came up with     C.  took advantage of D.  put emphasis on

      20.  A.   Fortunately       B.  frequently          C.  previously      D.  occasionally

      21.  A.  devoted            B.  owed                    C.  attached            D.  exposed

      22.  A.  destination    B.  tourism             C.  authority           D.  association

      23.  A.  reform             B.  collapse                C.  stabilize           D.  weaken

      24.  A.  competitors    B.  supporters          C.  investors           D.  reminders

      25.  A.  inspiring          B.  attracting          C.  disappointing   D.  embarrassing

      26.  A.  opportunity    B.  situation               C.  obstacle            D.  alternative

      27.  A.  relevantly         B.  approximately       C.  dramatically        D.  certainly

      28.  A.  set                B.  reverse             C.  confirm         D.  follow

      29.  A.  revises            B.  sells                   C.  excludes            D.  demonstrates

      30.  A.  create             B.  keep                    C.  damage              D.  improve

       

      第三部分:閱讀理解  (共15題,每小題2分, 滿分30分)

      閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的A、B、C、D四個選項中選出最佳選擇,并在答題紙上將該選項標號涂黑。

      A

      It’s a rough world out there. Step outside and you could break a leg slipping on your doormat. Light up the stove and you could burn down the house. Luckily, if the doormat or stove failed to warn of coming disaster, a successful lawsuit might compensate you for your troubles. Or so the thinking has gone since the early 1980s,when juries began holding more companies liable for their customers’ misfortunes.

      Feeling threatened,companies responded by writing ever-longer warning labels, trying to anticipate every possible accident. Today, stepladders carry labels several inches long that warn, among other things, that you might---surprise!---fall off. The label on a child’s Batman cape cautions that the toy“does not enable user to fly.”

      While warnings are often appropriate and necessary--the dangers of drug interactions, for example --and many are required by state or federal regulations, it isn’t clear that they actually protect the manufactures and sellers from liability if a customer is injured, About 50 percent of the companies lose when injured customers take them to court.

      Now the tide appears to be turning. As personal injury claims continue as before, some courts are beginning to side with defendants, especially in cases where a warning label probably wouldn’t have changed anything. In May, Julie Nimmons, president of Schutt Sports in Illinois, successfully fought a lawsuit involving a football player who was paralyzed in a game while wearing a Schutt helmet. “We’re really sorry he has become paralyzed, but helmets aren’t designed to prevent those kinds of injures,” says Nimmons. The jury agreed that the nature of the game, not the helmet, was the reason for the athlete’s injury.At the same time, the American Law Institute--a group of judges, lawyers, and academics whose recommendations carry substantial weight -- issued new guidelines for tort law stating that companies need not warn customers of obvious dangers or bombard them with a lengthy list of possible ones,“Important information can get buried in a sea of trivialities,”says a law professor at Cornell Law School who helped draft the new guidelines, If the moderate end of the legal community has its way, the information on products might actually be provided for the benefit of customers and not as protection against legal liability.

      31. What was things like in the 1980s when accidents happened?

      A.Customers might be relieved of their disasters through lawsuits.

      B.Injured customers could expect protection from the legal system.

      C.Companies would avoid being sued by providing new warnings.

      D.Juries tended to find fault with the compensations companies promiseD. 

      32.Manufacturers as mentioned in the passage tend to____________________________________.

      A.  satisfy customers by writing long warnings on products

      B.  become honest in describing the inadequacies of their products

      C.  make the best use of labels to avoid legal liability

      D.  feel obliged to view customers’ safety as their first concern

      33.The case of Schutt helmet demonstrated that ____________________________________.

      A.  some injury claims were no longer supported by law

      B.  helmets were not designed to prevent injuries

      C.  product labels would eventually be discarded

      D.   some sports games might lose popularity with athletes

      34.The author’s attitude towards the issue seems to be ____________________________________.

      A.Biased

      B.Indifferent

      C.Puzzling

      D.objective

      35.What does the first sentence in this passage mean?

      A.  The world is full of various dangers.

      B.  The outside of the world is not smooth.

      C.  The surface of the earth is very uneven.

      D.  The world is full of violent noisy people.

       

       

      B

      Shopping for clothes is not the same experience for a man as it is for a woman, A man goes shopping because he needs something. His purpose is settled and decided in advance. He knows what he wants, and his objective is to find it and buy it; the price is a secondary consideration. All men simply walk into a shop and ask the assistant for what they want. If the shop has it in stock, the salesman promptly produces it,and the business of trying it on proceeds at once. All being well, the deal can be and often is completed in less than five minutes, with hardly any chat and to everyone’s satisfaction.

          For a man, slight problems may begin when the shop does not have what he wants, or does not have exactly what he wants. In that case the salesman, as the name implies, tries to sell the customer something else-he offers the nearest he can to the article required.   No good salesman brings out such a substitute bluntly; he does so with skill and polish,“I know this jacket is not the style you want, sir, but would you like to try it for size. It happens to be the colour you mentioned.   ”Few men have patience with this treatment, and the usual response is , “This is the right colour and may be the right size, but I should be wasting  my time and yours by trying it on .”

          Now how does a woman go a bout buying clothes? In almost every respect she does so in the opposite way. Her shopping is not often based on need.   She has never fully made up her mind what she wants, and she is only “having a look round”. She is always open to persuasion; indeed she sets great store by what the salesman tells her, even by what companions tell her. She will try on any number of things. Uppermost in her mind is the thought of finding something that everyone thinks suits her. Contrary to a lot of jokes, most women have an excellent sense of value when they buy clothes.

      They are always on the lookout for the unexpected bargain. Faced with a roomful of dresses, a woman may easily spend an hour going from one rail to another, to and fro, often retracing her steps, before selecting the dresses she wants to try on. It is a laborious process, But apparently an enjoyable one . Most dress shops provide chairs for the waiting husbands.

       

      36.When a man is buying clothes, ____________________________________.

      A.  he buys cheap things, regardless of quality

      B.  he chooses things that others recommend

      C.  he does not mind how much he has to pay for the right things

      D.  he buys good quality things, so long as they are not too dear

      37.What do men care about the fit of new clothes?

      A.  They like their clothes to be bigger than the average size.

      B.  Most men just assume that the size is right for them.

      C.  They make sure a thing fits before they buy it.

      D.  They do not worry whether a thing fits well or not.

      38.What does a man do when he cannot get exactly what he wants?

      A.  He buys a similar thing of the colour he wants,

      B.  He usually does not buy anything.

      C.  At least two of his requirements must be met before he buys.

      D.  So long as the style is right, he buys the thing.

      39.In commerce a good salesman is one who____________________________________.

      A.  treats his customers sharply

      B.  always has in stock just what the customers want

      C.  does not waste his time on difficult customers

      D.  sells something a customer does not particularly want

      40.What does the passage tell us about women shoppers for clothes?

      A.  They welcome suggestions from anyone.

      B.  Women rarely consider buying cheap clothes.

      C.  Women often buy things without giving the matter proper thought.

      D.  They listen to advice but never take it.

       

       

      C

          Most growing plants contain much more water than all other materials combined.   C.  R. Barnes has Suggested that it is proper to term the plant a water structure as to call a house composed mainly of brick a brick building. Certain it is that all essential processes of plant growth and development occur in water. The mineral elements from the soil that are usable by the plant must be dissolved in the soil solution before they can be taken into the root. They are carried to all parts of the growing plant and are built into essential plant materials while in a dissolved state. The carbon dioxide)CO2)from the air may enter the leaf as a gas but is dissolved in water in the leaf before it is combined with a part of the water to form simple sugars-the base material from which the plant body is mainly built. Actively growing plant parts are generally 75 to 90 percent water. Structural parts of plants, such as woody stems no longer actively growing, may have much less water than growing tissues.

          The actual amount of water in the plant at one time, however, is only a very small part of what passes through it during its development. The processes photosynthesis, by which carbon dioxide and water are combined-in the presence of chlorophyll and with energy derived from light—to form sugars, require that carbon dioxide from the air enter the plant. This occurs mainly in the leaves. The leaf surface is not solid but contains great numbers of minute openings, though which the carbon dioxide enters. The same structure that permits the one gas to enter the leaf, however, permits another gas—water vapor—to be lost from it. Since carbon dioxide is present in the air only in trace quantities(3 to 4 parts in 10000parts of air) and water vapor is near saturation in the air spaces within the leaf(at 80degree F, saturated air would contain about 186 parts of water vapor in 10000 parts of air),the total amount of water vapor lost is many times the carbon dioxide intake. Actually, because of wind and other factors, the loss of water in proportion to carbon dioxide intake may be even greater than the relative concentrations of the two gases. Also, not all of the carbon dioxide that enters the leaf is synthesized into carbohydrates.

       

      41.A growing plant needs water for all of the following expect____________________________________.

          A.   forming sugars

          B.   sustaining woody stems

          C.   keeping green

          D.   producing carbon dioxide

      42.The essential function of photosynthesis in terms of plant needs is ____________________________________.

          A.   to form sugars

          B.   to derive energy from light

          C.   to preserve water

          D.   to combine carbon dioxide with water

      43.The second paragraph uses facts to develop the essential idea that____________________________________.

          A.   a plant efficiently utilizes most of the water it absorbs

          B.   carbon dioxide is the essential substance needed for plant development

          C.   a plant needs more water than is found in its composition

          D.   the stronger the wind, the more the water vapor loss

      44.According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

          A.   The mineral elements will not be absorbed by the plant unless they are dissolved in its root.

          B.   The woody stems contain more water than the leaves.

          C.   Air existing around the leaf is found to be saturated. 

          D.   Only part of the carbon dioxide in the plant is synthesized. 

      45.This passage is mainly about____________________________________.

          A.   the functions of carbon dioxide and water

          B.   the role of water in a growing plant

          C.   the process of simple sugar formation

          D.   the synthesis of water with carbon dioxide

       

      第四部分:寫作 (共一題, 滿分20分)

          According to home economists, the family environment is critical during human maturation, and knowledge in this area will help to increase the chances of a healthy development.

      Write on ANSWER SHEET a composition of about 200 words on the following topic:

          The influence of Family on Personal Development

      You are to write in three parts.

      In the first part, stare specifically what your opinion is.

      In the second part, support your opinion with appropriate reasons or example.

      In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary.

          Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness.

      Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.

       

      ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

       

      ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

       

      ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

       

      ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

       

      ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

       

      ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

       

      ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

       

      第五部分:教學設計(滿分20分)

      根據所提供的小學英語四年級教學內容,單元主題是Clothes。 請設計一個課時的教案。請分析教學重難點,按照新課導入、知識呈現、聯系鞏固、拓展延伸等具體環節設計,并在恰當之處輔以設計意圖說明。中英文皆可。

       

       

       

      小學英語學科試卷真題解析

      第一部分:單項填空

      1. 選 B

      【解析】考查日常交際。A,C選項答案不禮貌,B.選項表示同意或允許,該題可譯為:看吧。D意思是“當然可以,這看起來不錯”,與問題不符。

      2. 選A

      【解析】考查when 的用法。when是對過去某個時間點的提問,只能用于過去時。

      3. 選D

      【解析】考查詞匯辨析。immediately立刻;especially尤其; curiously 好奇地;Unfortunately 不幸地。 該題譯為:日本發生大地震后,國際救援者傾盡全力搜尋生還者,但是很不幸僅發現了幾具尸體。

      4. 選A

      【解析】考查詞匯辨析。embarrassing 讓人尷尬的;specific 確切的,特定的:typical典型的,有代表性的;unique獨特的。該題譯為:誤解另外國家的習俗總是很讓人尷尬。”

      5. 選 D

      【解析】考查形容詞的順序??谠E:“限定描繪大長高,形狀年齡和新老;顏色國籍跟材料,作用類別往后靠。”

      6. 選 C

      【解析】考查虛擬語氣的倒裝。主句時態是對過去事實的虛擬,從句則用過去完成時。

      7. 選C

      【解析】考查固定詞組搭配。from personal experience 意思是“從個人的經驗來說”。

      8. 選B。

      【解析】考查冠詞的用法。on holiday度假;play tennis打網球都不需要冠詞。

      9. 選A

      【解析】考查詞組辨析。take up開始從事;catch on抓牢,理解;    bring about 致使 ; make for有利于,傾向。

      10. 選B

      【解析】 recommend表示“建議、勸告”時,通常用句 recommend ...that +主語+should (not) +動詞原形,should可以省略。

      11. 選D

      【解析】 all 和several 修飾可數名詞復數,其后應跟 programs, 謂語動詞用have;either表示二者中的一個和none表示“三者以上都不“不統一;many a“很多”,謂語動詞用單數形式。

      12. 選 A

      【解析】考查詞組辨析。 Thanks to因為;Despite盡管;As far as就……而言;Although雖然。

      13. 選C

      【解析】考查詞匯辨析。manage管理;promote 促進;operate運轉;transform轉移;該句譯為:這個工程師在美國工作了一年,知道了在國外事情是如何運作的。

      14. 選B

      【解析】考查Be +of+n. 相當于adj. 的用法。of great value意思是有很大價值。usefulness有用性;實用性。

      15. 選A

       【解析】考查dozen的用法。“一打,”用法和hundred, thousand類似,如:a dozen eggs, three dozen eggs, dozens of eggs.

      第二部分:完形填空

      16.選B

       【解析】由文中“followed by the further drop last year.”可知此處應該是“下降,下滑”故選B。

      17.選D

      【解析】考查詞組辨析。 in addition to “除了”, by means of “經由, 借助于”,as a result of “ 由于…的結果;起因”in spite of “盡管”。該句的意思為:盡管試圖引進新政策來促進中國旅游業的發展,但是在2013年仍然迎來了意想不到的下滑。

      18.選A

      【解析】考查固定搭配。in an attempt to “力圖、試圖”。

      19.選C

      【解析】考查詞組辨析。got familiar with “熟悉”, came up with “提出”,took advantage of “利用, 使用”,put emphasis on“ 強調”。該句意思為:然而據北京出入境邊防檢查總站稱,只有14,000名旅客辦理了過境免簽手續,遠低于官方此前預計的20,000人。

      20.選C

      【解析】考查詞義辨析。Fortunately “幸運地”,frequently“經常地”,previously“此前地,先前地”,occasionally“偶然地”。

      21.選B

      【解析】考查固定短語。own...to..“將..歸因于..”該句意思為:中國旅游研究院國際旅游研究所副所長蔣依依認為,外國游客數量下降的部分原因在于人民幣的升值.

      22.選A

      【解析】考查詞義辨析。destination“目的地,地點”,tourism“旅游,旅游業”,authority“   權威,權利” association“協會,社團”。該句意思為:2013年人民幣兌美元匯率上漲近3%,使北京成為了一個更加昂貴的旅游目的地。

      23.選D

      【解析】由后文中“While RMB is on the rise” “然而人民幣在升值”,可知“其他國家在其貨幣貶值的同時呈現出旅客數量的大幅增加”故選 weaken,表示貨幣貶值。 Reform“改革”,collapse“倒塌,崩潰”,stabilize“使穩固,平抑(價格)”  

      24.選A

      【解析】 Competitors “競爭者”“Supporters “支持者 擁護者”,investors“發明者”,Reminders “通知單,提示信”。該句譯為:在人民幣升值的同時,與中國在旅游業方面構成競爭關系的國家(如日本)的貨幣貶值,這意味著到其他一些亞洲國家旅游的費用更加便宜,而來中國旅游更貴了。

      25.選B

      【解析】inspire“鼓舞,激勵”, attract “吸引”

      Disappoint “使失望,受挫“, Embarrass“使尷尬” 該句意思為:2013年日圓兌美元下跌21%,這為日本吸引來1,000萬海外游客。

      26.選C

      【解析】obstacle “障礙”,alternative“選擇” 該句的譯為:污染問題是中國在吸引外國游客入境旅游的過程中面臨的又一障礙。

      27.選D

      【解析】 certainly 無疑;當然”,relevantly“貼切的,得要領地地”, approximately “近似地,大約”,Dramatically“戲劇性地,引人注目地”。該句譯為: 北京、上海等城市都存在嚴重的空氣污染問題。北京1月份爆發了近期最為嚴重的霧霾,而去年12月上??諝馕廴局笖狄欢缺?。嚴重的空氣污染問題顯然無助于吸引更多外國游客前來旅游。

      28.選B

      【解析】 reverse the trend扭轉趨勢         

      29.選A

      【解析】聯系上文,故選A。該句意思為:中國的旅游業官員正力圖在2014年扭轉入境游客減少的情況,專家認為,如果能對其過時的旅行團進行改進并降低票價,這一計劃就有可能實現。

      30.選D

      【解析】improve “改善,提升”,該句譯為: 中國旅游研究院的蔣依依建議,中國政府應實行一項長期的國家計劃,以提升國家形象并投資于入境旅游以吸引更多游客前來。

      第三部分:閱讀理解

      A

      31.選B       

      【解析】根據第一段第二句“If the doormat or stove failed to warn of coming disaster, a successful lawsuit might compensate you for your troubles”如果門墊或爐灶沒有警告你可能發生的危害,你可以就自己所受的傷害訴諸法律,成功地獲得賠償??芍?980s受傷的顧客可望得到法律制度的保護。

      32.選C

      【解析】第二段指出,“Feeling threatened,companies responded by writing ever-longer warning labels, trying to anticipate every possible accident.”公司感到很大威脅,它們通過撰寫比以前更長的警示標簽保護自己,企圖預料各種可能發生的事故。所以可知公司是在利用各種標簽來躲避各種潛在的法律責任。

      33.選A

      【解析】 第三段指出,潮流似乎正發生逆轉,雖然因人身傷害引起的索賠案像以往一樣不斷出現,某些法庭正逐漸開始站到被告一邊,特別是在有警示標簽也可能無濟于事的案件中。在Schutt Sports的案件中,Schutt Sports公司被告生產了不安全的頭盔,造成一名橄攬球隊員的癱瘓,但是,陪審團認為,造成球員受傷的不是頭盔,而是橄欖球這種運動本身的危險性。公司因此勝訴。這一例子用于說明第四段一、二句提到的現象。

      34.選D

      【解析】 這里所說的“問題”指索賠案中孰是孰非這一問題。文章探討了索賠案所涉及的顧客(原告)、公司(被告)和陪審團三方的反應,重點指出陪審團態度的轉變。文章敘述客觀,作者沒有表達個人觀點。

      35.選A

      【解析】由后文中解釋 “如果你走出去,可能會滑倒在門墊上,摔傷一條腿。如果你點燃爐灶,可能會把房子燒掉。”,說明外面是一個危險的世界。

      B

      36.選C

      【解析】語義理解題。根據第1段第3句“ He knows what he wants, and his objective is to find it and buy it”, 可知男人知道他需要什么,而且他的目標是找到他需要的東西并買下來。由此可推斷只要東西合適,是他需要的,價格則是次要的事情。故答案為 C。

      37.選C

      【解析】語義理解題。根據第一段“A man goes shopping because he needs something. His purpose is settled and decided in advance.”可知男人因為需要而買東西,他買東西的目的預先訂下來,由此可推斷男人之所以關注衣服是否合身,是在購買之前已有預想目標。

      38.選B 

      【解析】推理判斷題。根據第3段首句 For a man, slight problems may begin when the shop does not have what he wants, or does not have exactly what he wants. 和末句This is the right color and may be the right size, but I should be wasting my time and yours by trying it on 可知雖然價格和顏色都合適,但如果不是他想要的東西,他認為“試穿是浪費時間”,因此可推知他不會買。故答案為 B。

      39.選C

      【解析】推理判斷題。本文主要講了男人買衣服和女人買衣服是不同的經歷。所以一個好的售貨員是不會在一些難應付的客戶身上浪費時間。故選C。

      40.選A

      【解析】推理判斷題。根據倒數第二段“She is always open to persuasion; indeed she sets great store by what the salesman tells her, even by what companions tell her.”可知她總是廣納善言,事實上,她總認為售貨員所說的話是非常重要的。尤其是她的朋友的意見對她更加重要。故選A。

      C

      41.選D

      【解析】事實細節題。第一段第六句(the carbon dioxide…mainly built)和第二段第二句說明:二氧化碳可以直接從空氣中進入植物的葉子里,所以不需要水。故選A。

      42.選A

      【解析】 細節推理題。第一段第五句說明:二氧化的作用主要是生成植物體最需要的材料——單糖。第二段第二句說明:植物的光合作用(二氧化碳和水結合)形成單糖。所以,光合作用能夠提供植物需要的(單)糖。故選A。

      43.選C

      【解析】段落主旨題。第二段第一句為段落主題句:植物的含水量只是其需水量很小的一部分。然后用事實說明為什么會出現這種情況(植物葉子允許二氧化碳進入,卻讓水蒸氣散失。再加上風和其他因素的作用,大部分的水都損失掉了),故選C。

      44. 選D

      【解析】 細節理解題。文章第二段最后一句指出:并非所有進入葉子的二氧化碳都被合成了碳水化合物。這說明[D]選項正確。[A]的干擾來自于第一段第四句。該句說明,來自于土壤中的礦物質元素只有先溶于“土壤溶液”才能被“根部”吸收,而非溶解于“根部”。[B]與原文內容相反:從第一段最后一句可知,生長不活躍的木質莖含水量可能遠遠小于生長活躍的葉子。[C]與文中內容不符:第二段第五句給出的信息是:“葉子內部”空氣中的水蒸氣含量“接近”飽和狀態,而非“葉子周圍”的空氣“處于”飽和狀態。

      45. 選B

      【解析】 文章主旨題。本文第一段說明水對于生長中植物的重要作用。然后通過水對植物生長的各種功能(溶解礦物質元素、溶解二氧化碳并和二氧化碳結合生成單糖)說明植物生長中的一切重要過程都離不開水。第二段用事實說明:(盡管植物含水量相當高),但植物生長所需要的水遠遠大于其本身所所含有的水。所以,整篇文章說圍繞的中心是:水對于植物生長的重要作用。故選B.

      第四部分:寫作

      The influence of Family on Personal Development

            Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over the issue that the influence of family on personal development. But there are a thousand Hamlets in a thousand people's eyes. As for me. I am in favor of the viewpoint that the family environment plays a vital role in human maturation.

          It is well known that if we are from a happy family, we tend to be cheerful and optimistic. If we are brought up in an unhappy family, we may grow up miserable and pessimistic. If we are not loved by our family, we may not learn to love others.

           An ideal family will be a place where we can get warmth, help, comfort and strength. It is a source of laughter, and a good means to lessen the tension and pressure we all face every day. A family will also be a place where we can cultivate our self-confidence, which is crucial to our further development and to our mental health.

         Since family plays a very important role in our life, it is up to every family member to contribute to the building of such a family.We should strive to establish a happy family as it is conducive to personal development.

      第五部分:教學設計

      Teaching plan

       

      Topic: Clothes

      Period: 1st period

      Teaching aims:

          Knowledge aim: Students can write and speak new words related to clothes: jackets,sweater and shorts.

          Ability aim: Ss can use the sentence patterns “where are my.....?” “what color are they ?” to cultivate their ability of speaking and listening.

          Emotional aim: To arouse the Ss’ interests in English and develop the habit of observation and imitation.

      Teaching points:

          Key points: Ss master new words: jackets,sweater and shorts.

          Difficult points: Ss master the sentence patterns “where are my.....?” “ what color are they “ in the real situation.

      Teaching method: task-based language teaching method & situational teaching method.

      Teaching aids: PPT, pictures& recorder

      Teaching procedure:

      Step 1: warm up

           Invite the Ss to imitate a fashion show together.

           Purpose: It will attract the students’ attention to the class quickly as well as connect their daily life to today’s topic “clothes”.

      Step 2. Presentation

          Firstly, I will present different pictures about different clothes, including jackets,sweater and shorts. and put forward a question: “what is this? Which one do you like?” And then I will point at one picture, saying “this is a jacket” for a few times, the other new words are introduced in the same way.

           Secondly , the students will listen to the records about the sentence patterns “where are my.....?” “what color are they ”for several times. Then I’ll show a picture to the students and ask them “ where are my.....?” “what color are they? ”. The students will answer me by using the new words learned just now.

      During this process, students will read after me and read by themselves, which I will correct their pronunciation.

      Step 3: Practice

      To help the students grasp what we have learned better, I design the following 2 activities:

      Activity 1: snowball game

      Four students will stand in a row on the platform each time to practice the following chant:

      “ jacket, jacket, white jacket ;

       jacket, jacket, white jacket; sweater, sweater, red sweater;

       jacket, jacket, white jacket; sweater, sweater, red sweater;

      shorts,shorts, blue shorts ”

      The group which is the fastest with the highest accuracy will be rewarded a little animal toy.

      Activity 2: role-playing

      The students should make a conversation, imaging that they are going to hold a party and discuss what clothes they will wear. After discussion, each group will choose a representative to perform it on the platform.

      Step 4 Summary

      Students will summarize what they have learned and key points by themselves, and I will give some supplement if necessary.

         Purpose: To enable students to consolidate their knowledge.

      Step 5 Homework

          1.Listen to the tape.

      2. Draw your favorite a clothes and share its English name with your parents.

      Blackboard design

      clothes

       

      Where are my .....?

      What color are they?

       

        jackets

        sweater

        shorts

      1

      2

      3

      4

      Teaching reflection

       

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